From Wikipedia:

Dvorak is a keyboard layout for English patented in 1936 by August Dvorak and his brother-in-law, William Dealey, as a faster and more ergonomic alternative to the QWERTY layout (the de facto standard keyboard layout). Dvorak proponents claim that it requires less finger motion and as a result reduces errors, increases typing speed, reduces repetitive strain injuries, or is simply more comfortable than QWERTY.

Setting Dvorak Layout

See Keyboard configuration in console or Keyboard configuration in Xorg for configuration details.

For the virtual terminal, dvorak and the regional keyboard are combined into one keymap. But Xorg lists dvorak as variant of your regional keymap.

The us Dvorak keymaps for the virtual terminal are:

  • dvorak, Standard
  • dvorak-l, Left handed Dvorak
  • dvorak-r, Right handed Dvorak
  • dvorak-programmer, Programmer Dvorak

The us Dvorak keymaps for Xorg are:

  • dvorak, Standard
  • dvorak-l, Left Handed Dvorak
  • dvorak-r, Right Handed Dvorak
  • dvp, Programmer Dvorak
  • dvorak-intl, International Dvorak
  • dvorak-classic
Note: For console, these are standalone keymaps, but for Xorg these are variants of the us layout, you need to pass them to XkbVariant variable. See Keyboard configuration in Xorg#Setting keyboard layout for an explanation.

For international users


The french variant is called Bépo and has a separate article to cover it.


Swedish people interested in trying dvorak can find the swedish "version", called svorak, at aoeu.info! To convert to svorak in X you do not need to download any additional files from www.aoeu.info.


In console, specify instead of dvorak to use the Spanish dvorak variant.

In Xorg, specify as and dvorak as .

United Kingdom

In console, specify (available from dvorak-ukpAUR) instead of dvorak to use the United Kingdom dvorak variant with ISO/IEC 9995-1 punctuation.

In Xorg, specify gb as and as .

Program specific rebinding

These are some simple and sane sugguestions for rebinding in keyboard-centric programs. Since Dvorak's keys lean more to the right of the keyboard, the home row used here is .


See also Vim Wiki, if you want a more extreme approach.


To apply settings you have to run .

Typing tutors

  • ktouch (includes Dvorak lessons in English, French, German & Spanish)
  • klavaro Dvorak lessons: (BG; BR; DE_neo2; EO; FR; FR_bépo; TR; UK; US; US_BR; US_ES; US_SE)
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