Al-Inshiqāq (Arabic: الانشقاق, “The Sundering”, “Splitting Open”) is the eighty-fourth chapter (surah) of the Qur'an, with 25 verses (āyāt). It mentions details of the Day of Judgment when, according to this chapter, everyone will receive reckoning over their deeds in this world.
|Other names||Splitting Open, The Rupture|
|No. of verses||25|
|No. of Sajdahs||1|
|No. of words||108|
|No. of letters||436|
- 1-5 Signs of the judgment-day
- 6-15 The books of the righteous and the wicked given into their hands, and the consequence thereof
- 16-20 Oaths attesting the doctrine of the resurrection
- 21-25 The unbelievers denounced and threatened
The name of the chapter, Al-Inshiqaq, is a noun variously translated as "The Sundering", "The Bursting Asunder", "The Splitting Open", among others. This name comes from the first verse of the chapter which reads When the sky is rent asunder. The verse does not contain the word al-inshiqaq verbatim, but rather it contains a word of the same root. It is a reference to the destruction of the world at the end of days, which the chapter portend. Thematically, the chapter follows a day-of-judgement theme that is present in the preceding chapters, including Al-Infitar (the 82nd chapter) and Al-Mutaffifin (83rd).
The chapter begins (verses 1 to 5) by mentioning events that will happen on the Day of Judgment, including the sundering of the sky and the flattening of all that is on earth. Verses 6 to 15 talk about the disparity between those who in that day will be "given [their] book in [their] right hand" and have a joyful reckoning, and those who will not. A series of oaths (verses 16—18) follows, and then another contrast between the fate of the believers and the unbelievers in the day of judgment.
According to the Islamic tradition, Al-Inshiqaq was most likely revealed after the 82nd chapter Al-Infitar, and was chronologically one of the last of the Meccan surahs—chapters revealed before Muhammad's migration to Medina.
According to the hadith, Muhammed was prostrated when reciting this chapter, particularly after the verse 21 which reads ... and that when the Quran is recited unto them, they do not prostrate? Therefore, most Islamic scholars consider this verse one of the 15 verses in the Quran where one prostrates after reciting it. In most copies of the Qur'an these are indicated by the symbol ۩. Most Maliki jurists consider it obligatory to prostrate after reciting the verse; Malik ibn Anas, the founder of the Maliki school, was a notable exception.
- www.submission.org Quran 84 translated by Rashad Khalifa
- Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq
- Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- The Study Quran, p. 1492.
- The Study Quran, p. 1493, commentary.
- Al-Dargazelli 2013, p. 80.
- The Study Quran, pp. 1492–1493.
- Clear Quran: Surely those ˹angels˺ nearest to your Lord are not too proud to worship Him. They glorify Him. And to Him they prostrate.. Note the inclusion of the Islamic Symbol, ۩ in the Arabic script.
- Muwatta Imam Malik, USC-MSA web (English) reference: Book 15, Number 15.5.12 Archived 2018-05-03 at the Wayback Machine; Arabic reference: Book 15, Hadith 484
- The Study Quran, p. 1494, v.21 commentary.
- Al-Dargazelli, Shetha (2013). The Names of the Qur'anic Chapters. The Other Press. ISBN 978-967-5062-93-3.
- Seyyed Hossein Nasr; Caner K. Dagli; Maria Massi Dakake; Joseph E.B. Lumbard; Mohammed Rustom, eds. (2015). The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary. New York, NY: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-112586-7.