|Other names||Al-Hijr Valley|
|No. of Rukus||6|
|No. of verses||99|
|Opening muqaṭṭaʻāt||ʾAlif Lām Rā الر|
Shown within Saudi Arabia
|Location||Al Madinah Region, Al-Hejaz, Saudi Arabia|
|Official name||Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâ’in Sâlih)|
|Designated||2008 (32nd session)|
Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl), it is an earlier Meccan surah, believed to have been received by Prophet Muhammad shortly after chapter 12, Yusuf, during his last year in Mecca. Like other surahs of this period, it praises God. Parts of Q15:4-74 are preserved in the Ṣan‘ā’1 lower text.
- 1-3 Unbelievers will one day wish themselves Muslims
- 4-5 Every nation has its day of grace
- 6 Muhammad charged with demoniacal possession by the disbelievers (the Quraish)
- 7 The unbelievers say a true prophet would have come with a company of angels
- 8 Angels are not sent to gratify curiosity, but to minister judgment
- 9 God the author and preserver of the Quran
- 10-11 The former prophets were laughed to scorn
- 12-15 The scoffing Quraish judicially blinded
- 16-20 God declares his glory in the heaven and the earth
- 21-22 He is active in every part of Nature
- 23-25 He is the God of life, death, and judgment
- 26-29 God says Men created of clay—the Jinn of fire
- 29-33 Iblís among the angels refuses to worship Adam
- 34-38 He is cursed and respited until the judgment
- 39-40 Satan declares to God his purpose to seduce men
- 41-42 The elect are safe from Satan’s power
- 43-44 The seven gates of hell will receive Satan’s followers
- 45-50 Paradise joys in store for true believers
- 51-77 The story of Abraham and Lot
- 78-79 The unbelieving Midianites are destroyed
- 80-81 The scoffing inhabitants of Al Hajr reject their prophets though accompanied with miracles
- 82-84 Rock-hewn houses fail to save them
- 85-86 The heaven and earth created in righteousness
- 87 Command to repeat the seven verses (Al-Fatiha)
- 88-90 Muhammad not to envy the prosperity of infidels
- 91-93 The enemies of God will surely be punished
- 94-96 Muhammad commanded to preach boldly
- 97-99 He is exhorted to praise and serve God until death
This Surah takes its name from 80th ayat which refers to Mada'in Saleh, a pre-Islamic archaeological site, occasionally called Al-Hijr, or Hegra.
Time of Revelation
The revelation of this surah occurred at a similar time to that of Surah Ibrahim. Its also repeats the admonitions. Muhammad had been spreading the message for a long time. His kin had become increasingly stiff-necked and obstinate in their hostility, hatred and mocking. Muhammad had started to feel tired in his attempts against disbelief and restrictions of his people. Allah reassured him again.
This surah contains brief mentions of Tawhid, and provides an admonition to the disbelievers. The primary subjects of the surah are:
- cautioning the individuals who dismissed the message and
- providing solace and support to Muhammad,
15:9 Preservation of the Quran
15:9 We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption). Translation Yusuf Ali (Orig. 1938)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al-Hijr (surah).|
- George Sale translation: Al Hejr
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