At-Taghābun (Arabic: التغابن, "Loss, Deprivation") is the 64th surah of the Quran with 18 verses.[1] This Medinan surah opens with the words of glorification of God (Allah in Arabic), it is part of Al-Musabbihat group. The theme of this surah is an invitation to the Faith, obedience (to God) and the teaching of good morals, contrasting with the previous surah, Al-Munafiqun, which was concerned with hypocrisy and the lack of Iman.[2][3]

Sura 64 of the Quran
PositionJuzʼ 28. Qad samiʿa -llāhu
No. of Rukus2
No. of verses18
No. of words242
No. of letters1066


The sequence followed is that the first four verses are addressed to all men, verses 5-10 to those men who do not believe in the invitation of the Qur'an, and verses 11-18 to those who accept and believe in this invitation.[4]

Ayat (verses)

  • 1 All things in heaven and earth praise God
  • 2 God hath fore-ordained men to be either believers or unbelievers
  • 3-4 God, the Creator, knoweth all things
  • 5-6 Former nations destroyed for their unbelief
  • 7 Unbelief will not prevent infidels from rising from the dead
  • 8-10 Exhortation to believe in God and his Apostle
  • 11-13 God sovereign, therefore should be trusted
  • 14-18 Muslims exhorted to abjure worldly ties and to devote themselves to God [5]

Theme and subject matter

The surah opens with a description of God’s power, wisdom, and knowledge,[6] and takes its name from “the day of dispossession” (yawm al-taghabun) mentioned in verse 9. God, the Creator, knoweth all things, is told in 3rd and 4th verse.[7] The disbelievers are reminded of the end of those who disbelieved before them in verses 5 and 6.[8] Unbelief will not prevent infidels from rising from the dead and their denial of the Resurrection is strongly refuted in verse 7.[9] Next 3 ayaat then present exhortation to believe in God and his Apostle. In the discourse verses 11 to 13 prescribe to humanity that God is sovereign, therefore should be trusted.[10] Further in verse 14, the believers are urged to be wary but forgiving of the enemies they may have within their own families[11] and muslims are exhorted to abjure worldly ties and to devote themselves to God in ayaat 14 to 18 and are warned to remain steadfast and to spend in God’s cause in verse 8 and 16.[12]


  1. "Tanzil - Quran Navigator - القرآن الكريم".
  2. Nouman Ali Khan
  3. "Surah at Taghaabun".
  4. "64. Surah At Taghabun (Mutual Loss and Gain) - Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an".
  5. Rev. E. M. Wherry, M.A., A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes
  6. Iman Mohammad Kashi; Uwe Hideki Matzen & Online Quran Project contributors. "Al-Quran (القرآن) — Online Quran Project — Translation and Tafsir". The Quran. {{cite web}}: |author3= has generic name (help)
  7. George Sale (1896), A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran
  8. "The Quran, vol. 4 - Online Library of Liberty".
  9. Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik (translator), Al-Qur'an, the Guidance for Mankind – English with Arabic Text
  10. "Malik Surah 64. At-Tagabun Introduction, Revelation, Background and Summary".
  11. Javed Ahmad Ghamidi "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2014-12-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. Sayid Qutb (1981), Fi Dhilāl al-Qurān. Beirut: Dar al-Shurruq

Surah At-Taghabun – Main Theme, Benefits and Virtues

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