Barbu is a former municipality in the old Aust-Agder county in Norway. Today, it is part of the is part of the town of Arendal in Agder county. The 15.3-square-kilometre (5.9 sq mi) municipality existed from 1878 until 1902 when it was merged into the town of Arendal. The municipality was located just to the north of what was then the 0.34-square-kilometre (84-acre) town of Arendal. The administrative centre of the small, urban municipality was called Barbu as well. Barbu Church was the church for the municipality.
|Coordinates: 58°27′59″N 08°46′41″E|
|Established||1 Jan 1878|
|Disestablished||1 Jan 1902|
|• Total||15.3 km2 (5.9 sq mi)|
|*Area at municipal dissolution.|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0990|
|Preceded by||Østre Moland in 1878|
|Succeeded by||Arendal in 1902|
Today, the name Barbu refers to the village-like place located in head of the Galtesundet strait within the town of Arendal. Barbu is also a parish (sogn) in the Arendal prosti (deanery) within the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.
Originally, Barbu was a part of the municipality of Østre Moland that was created on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 May 1878, Østre Moland was divided to form three municipalities: Barbu (population: 4,874), Østre Moland (population: 2,524), and Tromøy (population: 2,320). On 1 January 1902, Barbu was merged with the neighboring town of Arendal, vastly increasing the size of the town. Before the merger, Barbu had a population of 6,787.
- Kiær, Anders Nicolai; Helland, Amund; Vibe, Johan; Strøm, Boye (1904). "Arendal by". Norges land og folk: Nedenes amt (in Norwegian). Norway: H. Aschehoug & Company. p. 26. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (21 June 2015). "Barbu – tidligere kommune i Aust-Agder". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nedenes amt (in Norwegian) (8 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 96.
- Arendal travel guide from Wikivoyage