Høvåg

Høvåg (historically: Høvaag) is a former municipality in the old Aust-Agder county in Norway. The 77 km2 (30 sq mi) municipality existed from 1865 until its dissolution in 1962. It was located in the southern part of the present-day municipality of Lillesand which is now in Agder county. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Høvåg where the Høvåg Church is located. Old coastal settlements in Høvåg include Ulvøysund, Gamle Hellesund, Skottevik, Kjøbmannsvig and Åkerøyhamn. The village of Høvåg is located midway between the towns of Lillesand and Kristiansand.[1]

Høvåg herred
View of coastal Høvåg
Høvåg within Aust-Agder
Coordinates: 58°10′11″N 08°14′50″E
CountryNorway
CountyAust-Agder
Established1 Jan 1865
Disestablished1 Jan 1962
Administrative centreHøvåg
Area
  Total77 km2 (30 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1962)
  Total1,330
  Density17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Høvding[2]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-0927
Preceded byVestre Moland in 1865
Succeeded byLillesand in 1962

History

The municipality of Høvaag was created in 1865 when the municipality of Vestre Moland was split into two separate municipalities: Høvåg (population: 2,069) in the south and Vestre Moland (population: 2,167) in the north. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1962, the municipality of Høvåg (population: 1,330) was merged with the neighboring municipality of Vestre Moland (population: 2,454), the ladested of Lillesand (population: 1,041), and the Gitmark farm area of Eide (population: 22). Together, these areas formed a new, larger Lillesand municipality.[3]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Høvaag farm (Old Norse: Høyvágar). The first element is høy which means "hay" and the last element is vágr which means "bay".[4]

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Høvåg, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality was governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elected a mayor.[5]

Municipal council

The municipal council (Herredsstyre) of Høvåg was made up of 17 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Høvåg Herredsstyre 19601961 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
Total number of members:17
Høvåg Herredsstyre 19561959 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)8
Total number of members:17
Høvåg Herredsstyre 19521955 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
Total number of members:16
Høvåg Herredsstyre 19481951 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
Total number of members:16
Høvåg Herredsstyre 19451947 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:16
Høvåg Herredsstyre 19381941* [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:16
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Attractions

Høvåg Church

Høvåg Church

Høvåg Church (Høvåg kirke) is located in Høvåg parish in Vest-Nedenes prosti. It is constructed of brick and was built ca. 1100 - 1150. The church uses a cruciform floor plan and has 400 seats. Nave is shaped like a T with the altar in the center. In 1723, the congregation started a project to expand, maintain and refurbish the church. The west wing was joined in 1768, the north wing, which is the current main entrance was built in 1828. The tower was built in 1831.[12]

The altarpiece is a triptych representing faith, hope, and love. It is from about 1620 and was completed by an unknown artist. The pulpit is from about 1660. Around 1900 the altarpiece was painted white, but in 1935 it was restored to the present form. The pictures on the pulpit is of the four evangelists.[13]

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (23 July 2015). "Høvåg – tidligere kommune i Aust-Agder". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  2. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  3. Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nedenes amt (in Norwegian) (8 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 155.
  5. Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  6. "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  7. "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  8. "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  9. "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  10. "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  11. "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  12. "Høvåg kirke". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  13. "Høvåg kirke". Den norske kirke. Retrieved 1 October 2016.

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