List of chapters in the Quran

The Quran is divided into Surahs (chapters) and further divided into Ayahs (verses). The real translation of the word Ayat is actually "Sign [of Allah]". For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah.

The first surah of the Quran (Surah Al-Fatihah), consisting of seven verses

Each surah except the ninth (At-Tawba) is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm ("In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.").[1] Twenty-nine surahs are preceded by Muqatta'at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear. The first surah in the Quran is Surah al-Fatiha.[2]

Surahs of the Mekkah period are more related to themes such as Resurrection, Judgment, and stories from Judaism and Christianity. Surahs of the Medina period focus more on laws for personal affairs, society, and the state.[3]

Table of Surahs

# Anglicized title(s) Arabic title(s) English title(s) Number of verses (Number of Rukūʿs) Place of Revelation Egyptian Standard Chronological Order[4][5][6] Nöldeke's Chronological Order[4] Muqatta'at (isolated letters)[2] Title refers to Main theme(s) Juz'
1Al-Fatihah ٱلْفَاتِحَة
The Opening, the Opening of the Divine Writ, The Essence of the Divine Writ, The Surah of Praise, The Foundation of the Qur'an, and

The Seven Oft-Repeated [Verses][7]

7 (1)Makkah548Whole Surah [8]
  • The fundamental principles of the Qur'an in a condensed form.[8]
2Al-Baqarah ٱلْبَقَرَة
The Calf, The Cow, The Heifer286 (40)Madinah8791Alif Lam Mimv. 67-73 [8]
  • The necessity of God-consciousness.[8]
  • The error(s) committed by followers of earlier revelations.[8]
  • Legal ordinances (ethics, social relations, warfare etc.).[8]
  • Ibrahim.[8]
  • Kaaba.[8]
  • Ayatul Kursi. (v. 255)[9]
3Al-ee-Imran آلِ عِمْرَان
ʾĀli ʿImrān
The Family of Imraan, The House of ʿImrān200 (20)Madinah8997Alif Lam Mimv. 33, 35 [8] 3-4
4An-Nisa ٱلنِّسَاء
The Women176 (24)Madinah92100Whole Surah [8]
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another. (v. 1) [8]
  • Rights of women.[8]
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance).[8]
  • Peace and war.[8]
  • Relations of believers with unbelievers.[8]
  • Striving in the Cause of Allah (Jihad). (v. 95-97) [10]
5Al-Ma'idah ٱلْمَائِدَة
The Food, The Repast, The Table120 (16)Madinah112114v. 112-114 [8]
  • A series of ordinances (incl. Religious rites and social obligations).[8]
  • Corruption of the original message of the Injeel by Jews and Christians. (v. 68-77, 116-118) [8]
6Al-An'am ٱلْأَنْعَام
The Cattle165 (20)Makkah5589v. 136ff.[8]
  • Human nature of Muhammad. (v. 50) [8]
  • Oneness and uniqueness of Allah. (e.g. v. 100, 103) [8]
  • Pre-Islamic superstitions concerning animals. (v. 136ff) [8]
7Al-A'raf ٱلْأَعْرَاف
The Heights, The Faculty of Discernment206 (24)Makkah3987Alif Lam Mim Sadv. 46, 48 [8] 8-9
8Al-Anfal ٱلْأَنْفَال
The Spoils of War75 (10)Madinah8895v. 1 [8] 9-10
9At-Tawbah ٱلتَّوْبَة
The Repentance129 (16)Madinah113113 10-11
10Yunus يُونُس
Jonah109 (11)Makkah5184Alif Lam Rav. 98 [8]
  • The revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad (not Muhammad’s own work). (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94) [8]
  • References to earlier prophets.[8]
  • Fundamental tenets of Islam.[8]
11Hud هُود
Hud123 (10)Makkah5275Alif Lam Rav. 50-60
  • The revelation of God’s will through his prophets.[8]
  • More stories of earlier prophets.[8]
  • Just dealings between men.[8]
12Yusuf يُوسُف
Joseph111 (12)Makkah5377Alif Lam RaWhole Surah
  • The story of the prophet Joseph (as an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs).[8]
13Ar-Ra'd ٱلرَّعْد
The Thunder43 (6)Madinah9690Alif Lam Mim Rav. 13 [8]
  • God’s revelation, through his prophets, of certain fundamental moral truths, and the consequences of accepting or rejecting them.[8]
14Ibrahim إِبْرَاهِيم
Abraham52 (7)Makkah7276Alif Lam Rav. 35-41 [8]
  • The revelation of God’s word to all mankind, destined to lead man from darkness to light.[8]
15Al-Hijr ٱلْحِجْر
The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City, Al-Hijr99 (6)Makkah5457Alif Lam Rav. 80 [8]
  • God’s guidance to man through revelation of the Qur'an, which will remain uncorrupted for all times. (v. 9) [8]
16An-Nahl ٱلنَّحْل
The Bee128 (16)Makkah7073v. 68-69 [8]
  • God’s creativeness:[8]
    • Manifested in the instincts of the bee.[8]
    • Culmination: Guidance through his revealed word.[8]
17Al-Isra ٱلْإِسْرَاء
The Night Journey111 (12)Makkah5067v. 1 [8] 15
18Al-Kahf ٱلْكَهْف
The Cave110 (12)Makkah6969v. 13-20 [8]
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:[8]
    • The men of the cave. (v. 13-20) [8]
    • The rich man and the poor man. (v. 32-44) [8]
    • Moses and the unnamed sage. (v. 60-82) [8]
    • The allegory of ‘Dhu’l-Qarnayn, the Two-Horned One’. (v. 83-98) [8]
19Maryam مَرْيَم
Mary98 (6)Makkah4458Kaf Ha Ya 'Ayn Sadv. 16-37 [8]
  • The story of Zachariah and his son John, the precursor of Jesus. (v. 2-15) [8]
  • The story of Mary and Jesus. (v. 16-37) [8]
20Ta-Ha طه
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ135 (8)Makkah4555Ta Ha [notes 1]v. 1 [8]
  • The guidance offered by God through his prophets.[8]
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical.[8]
    • The story of Moses. (v. 9-98) [8]
21Al-Anbiya ٱلْأَنْبِيَاء
The Prophets112 (7)Makkah7365v. 48-91 [8]
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God.[8]
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation.[8]
    • Stories of the prophets of old. (v. 48-91) [8]
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community. (v. 92) [8]
22Al-Hajj ٱلْحَجّ
The Pilgrimage, The Hajj78 (10)Madinah103107v. 25-38 [8]
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it. (v. 25-38) [8]
23Al-Mu'minun ٱلْمُؤْمِنُون
The Believers118 (6)Makkah7464v. 1 [8]
  • True faith.[8]
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him.[8]
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power. (v. 52-53) [8]
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death.[8]
24An-Nur ٱلنُّور
The Light64 (9)Madinah102105v. 35 [8]
  • Mutual relations and ethical rules between men and women.[8]
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ ("Verse of Light"). (v. 35) [8]
25Al-Furqan ٱلْفُرْقَان
The Criterion, The Standard, The Standard of True and False77 (6)Makkah4266v. 1 [8]
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false.[8]
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man. (v. 20) [8]
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity.[8]
26Ash-Shu'ara ٱلشُّعَرَاء
The Poets227 (11)Makkah4756Ta Sin Mimv. 224 [8]
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message and worship power and wealth etc.[8]
27An-Naml ٱلنَّمْل
The Ant, The Ants93 (7)Makkah4868Ta Sinv. 18 [8] 19-20
28Al-Qasas ٱلْقَصَص
The Narrations, The Stories, The Story88 (9)Makkah4979Ta Sin Mimv. 25 [8]
  • Human aspects of the life of Moses.[8]
29Al-Ankabut ٱلْعَنْكَبُوت
The Spider69 (7)Makkah8581Alif Lam Mimv. 41 [8]
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth. (v. 41) [8]
30Ar-Rum ٱلرُّوم
Rome, Byzantium60 (6)Makkah8474Alif Lam Mimv. 1 [8]
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.). (v. 1-7) [8]
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this.[8]
31Luqmaan لُقْمَان
Luqman34 (4)Makkah5782Alif Lam Mimv. 12-19 [8]
  • The story of Luqman, a legendary sage, counselling his son. (v. 12-19) [8]
32As-Sajdah ٱلسَّجْدَة
The Prostration, Worship, Adoration30 (3)Makkah7570Alif Lam Mimv. 15 [8]
  • God's creation.[12]
  • God's revelation and man's acceptance or denial.[12]
  • The Day of Judgement.[12]
33Al-Ahzaab ٱلْأَحْزَاب
The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces73 (9)Madinah90103v. 9-27 [8] 21-22
34Saba (surah) سَبَأ
Sheba54 (6)Makkah5885v. 15-20 [8]
  • The insignificance of the knowledge accessible to man. (v. 9) [8]
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory. (v. 15-20) [8]
  • Always be conscious of God. (v. 46) [8]
35Faatir فَاطِر
The Originator45 (5)Makkah4386v. 1 [8]
  • God’s power to create and resurrect.[8]
  • God’s revelation of his will through his prophets.[8]
36Ya-Sin يس
Yāʾ Sīn
Yāʾ Sīn (a name of Muhammad)83 (5)Makkah4160Yaseen [notes 2]v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.[8]
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.[8]
37As-Saaffaat ٱلصَّافَّات
Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks, Those Ranged in Ranks182 (5)Makkah5650v. 1 [8]
  • Resurrection and the certainty that all human beings will have to answer before God.[8]
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.[8]
    • Stories of earlier prophets. (v. 75-148) [8]
38Saad ص
Ṣād88 (5)Makkah3859Sadv. 1 [8]
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.[8]
39Az-Zumar ٱلزُّمَر
The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs75 (8)Makkah5980v. 71, 73 [8]
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.[8]
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.[8]
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.[8]
40Ghafir غَافِر
The Forgiver (God), Forgiving85 (9)Makkah6078Ha Mimv. 3 [8]
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.[8]
    • Stories of earlier prophets.[8]
41Fussilat فُصِّلَت
Expounded, Explained In Detail, Clearly Spelled Out54 (6)Makkah6171Ha Mimv. 3[8]
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.[8]
42Ash-Shura ٱلشُّورىٰ
The Consultation53 (5)Makkah6283Ha Mim 'Ayn Sin Qafv. 36 [8]
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16) [8]
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15) [8]
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.[8]
43Az-Zhukhruf ٱلْزُّخْرُف
The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury, Gold89 (7)Makkah6361Ha Mimv. 35 [8]
  • To equal anyone or anything with God is sprititually destructive and logically unacceptable.[8]
  • People’s blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23) [8]
44Ad-Dukhaan ٱلدُّخَان
The Smoke59 (3)Makkah6453Ha Mimv. 10 [8]
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.[12]
45Al-Jaathiyah ٱلْجَاثِيَة
The Kneeling Down, Crouching37 (4)Makkah6572Ha Mimv. 28 [8]
  • The humility with which all human beings will face their final judgment on resurrection. (v. 28) [8]
46Al-Ahqaaf ٱلْأَحْقَاف
Winding Sand-tracts, The Dunes, The Sand-Dunes35 (4 1/2)Makkah6688Ha Mimv. 21 [8]
  • Warning the disbelievers of their miserable fate, and reassuring the believers of their salvation.
47Muhammad مُحَمَّد
Muhammad38 (4)Madinah9596v. 2 [8]
  • Fighting (qital) in God’s cause.
  • Instructions for Muslims to be virtuous to their parents.
  • The Story of Hud and the punishment of that befell his people.
  • Advising Muhammad to be more patient in delivering Islam
48Al-Fath ٱلْفَتْح
The Victory, Conquest29 (4 1/2)Madinah111108v. 1 [8]
49Al-Hujuraat ٱلْحُجُرَات
The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments18 (2 1/2)Madinah106112v. 4 [8]
  • Social ethics.[8]
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.[8]
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13) [8]
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.) [8]
50Qaaf ق
Q̈āf45 (3)Makkah3454Qafv. 1 [8]
51Adh-Dhaariyaat ٱلذَّارِيَات
The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds, The Dust-Scattering Winds60 (2 1/2)Makkah6739v. 1 [8]
  • Destruction of those who denied the messengers, and a warning for those who deny the truth.
52At-Toor ٱلطُّور
The Mount, Mount Sinai49 (2 1/2)Makkah7640v. 1 [8] 27
53An-Najm ٱلنَّجْم
The Star, The Unfolding62 (2 1/2)Makkah2328v. 1 [8]
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha, the Lote-Tree of the Extremity). (v. 13-18) [8]
54Al-Qamar ٱلْقَمَر
The Moon55 (2 1/2)Makkah3749v. 1 [8]
55Ar-Rahman ٱلرَّحْمَٰن
The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious78 (3)Madinah9743v. 1 [8]
56Al-Waqi'ah ٱلْوَاقِعَة
The Inevitable, The Event, That Which Must Come to Pass96 (3 1/2)Makkah4641v. 1 [8]
  • Description of life in the Hereafter for the believers and the disblievers.
57Al-Hadeed ٱلْحَدِيد
The Iron29 (4)Madinah9499v. 25 [8]
58Al-Mujadila ٱلْمُجَادِلَة
The Pleading, The Pleading Woman22 (3 1/2)Madinah105106v. 1 [8]
  • Divorce.[8]
  • Faith and denial.[8]
  • Hypocrisy.[8]
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.[8]
59Al-Hashr ٱلْحَشْر
The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment24 (3 1/2)Madinah101102v. 2 [8]
  • The conflict between the Muslim coummunity and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.[8]
60Al-Mumtahanah ٱلْمُمْتَحَنَة
The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined13 (2 1/2)Madinah91110v. 10 [8]
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.[8]
61As-Saff ٱلصَّفّ
The Ranks, Battle Array14 (1 1/2Madinah10998v. 4 [8]
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.[8]
62Al-Jumu'ah ٱلْجُمُعَة
Congregation, Friday11 (1 1/2Madinah11094v. 9-10 [8]
63Al-Munafiqoon ٱلْمُنَافِقُون
The Hypocrites11 (1 1/2)Madinah104104Whole Surah [8]
64At-Taghabun ٱلتَّغَابُن
The Cheating, The Mutual Disillusion, The Mutual Loss and Gain, Loss and Gain18 (2)Madinah10893v. 9 [8]
65At-Talaq ٱلطَّلَاق
Divorce12 (2)Madinah99101Whole Surah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).[8]
66At-Tahreem ٱلتَّحْرِيم
The Prohibition12 (2)Madinah107109v. 1 [8]
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.[8]
67Al-Mulk ٱلْمُلْك
The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control30 (1 1/2)Makkah7763v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.[8]
  • The manifestation of Gods' absolute perfection in creation through the fine tuning of the universe.
68Al-Qalam ٱلْقَلَم
The Pen52 (2)Makkah218Nunv. 1 [8]
69Al-Haaqqa ٱلْحَاقَّة
The Sure Reality, The Laying-Bare of the Truth52 (2)Makkah7838v. 1
70Al-Ma'aarij ٱلْمَعَارِج
The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways44 (1 1/2)Makkah7942v. 3 [8]
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.[8]
71Nuh نُوح
Noah28 (1 1/2)Makkah7151Whole Surah
  • The story of Noah.[8]
    • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.[8]
72Al-Jinn ٱلْجِنّ
The Jinn, The Spirits, The Unseen Beings28 (2)Makkah4062v. 1 [8]
73Al-Muzzammil ٱلْمُزَّمِّل
The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up, The Enwrapped One20 (1 1/2)Makkah323v. 1 [8]
  • Loosening the strict regulation on night prayer.[8]
74Al-Muddaththir ٱلْمُدَّثِّر
The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak, The Enfolded One56 (2)Makkah42v. 1 [8]
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur'anic concepts.
  • Gods' promise of eternal damnation for the disbelievers.
75Al-Qiyamah ٱلْقِيَامَة
Resurrection, The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead40 (1)Makkah3136v. 1 [8]
  • The concept of resurrection.[8]
76Al-Insaan|Ad-Dahr ٱلْإِنْسَان
The Human, Man31 (2)Madinah9852v. 1 [8]
77Al-Mursalaat ٱلْمُرْسَلَات
Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth50 (1 1/2)Makkah3332v. 1 [8]
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur'an.[8]
78An-Naba' ٱلنَّبَأ
The Great News, The Announcement, The Tiding40 (1 1/2)Makkah8033v. 2 [8]
  • Life after death.[8]
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.[8]
79An-Naazi'aat ٱلنَّازِعَات
Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers, Those That Rise46 (1 1/2)Makkah8131v. 1 [8]
80Abasa عَبَسَ
He Frowned42 (1)Makkah2417v. 1 [8]
81At-Takweer ٱلتَّكْوِير
The Folding Up, The Overthrowing, Shrouding in Darkness29 (1)Makkah727v. 1 [8]
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.[8]
82Al-Infitar ٱلْإِنْفِطَار
The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart19 (1/2)Makkah8226v. 1 [8]
83At-Taffeef ٱلْمُطَفِّفِين
The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Those Who Give Short Measure36 (1)Makkah8637v. 1 [8]
84Al-Inshiqaaq ٱلْإِنْشِقَاق
The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open, The Splitting Asunder25 (1)Makkah8329v. 1 [8]
85Al-Burooj ٱلْبُرُوج
The Mansions Of The Stars, The Constellations, The Great Constellations22 (1)Makkah2722v. 1 [8]
86At-Taariq ٱلطَّارِق
The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer, That Which Comes in the Night17 (1/2)Makkah3615v. 1 [8]
87Al-A'la ٱلْأَعْلَىٰ
The Most High, The All-Highest, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest19 (1/2)Makkah819v. 1 [8]
88Al-Ghaashiyah ٱلْغَاشِيَة
The Overwhelming Event, The Overshadowing Event, The Pall26 (1)Makkah6834v. 1 [8]
89Al-Fajr ٱلْفَجْر
The Break of Day, The Daybreak, The Dawn30 (1)Makkah1035v. 1 [8]
90Al-Balad ٱلْبَلَد
The City, The Land20 (1/2)Makkah3511v. 1 [8]
91Ash-Shams ٱلشَّمْس
The Sun15 (1/2)Makkah2616v. 1 [8]
92Al-Layl ٱللَّيْل
The Night21 (1/2)Makkah910v. 1 [8]
93Ad-Dhuha ٱلضُّحَىٰ
The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright, The Bright Morning Hours11 (1/2)Makkah1113v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.[8]
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah's past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
  • Prophecy regarding the good future for Muhammad.
94Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) ٱلشَّرْح
The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief, Patient, The Opening-Up of the Heart8 (1/3)Makkah1212v. 1
95At-Tin ٱلتِّين
The Fig Tree, The Fig8 (1/3)Makkah2820v. 1 [8]
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.[8]
96Al-Alaq ٱلْعَلَق
The Clinging Clot, Clot of Blood, The Germ-Cell19 (1/2)Makkah11v. 2 [8]
  • The first five verses revealed to Muhammad. (v. 1-5) [8]
97Al-Qadr ٱلْقَدْر
The Night of Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate, Destiny5 (1/3)Makkah2514v. 1 [8]
98Al-Bayyinahh ٱلْبَيِّنَة
The Clear Evidence, The Evidence of the Truth8 (1)Madinah10092v. 1 [8]
  • The Evidence, and the clear truth
99Az-Zalzalah ٱلزَّلْزَلَة
The Earthquake8 (1/3)Madinah9325v. 1 [8]
100Al-'Aadiyat ٱلْعَادِيَات
The Courser, The Chargers, The War Horse11 (1/3)Makkah1430v. 1 [8]
101Al-Qaari'ah ٱلْقَارِعَة
The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Sudden Calamity11 (1/3)Makkah3024v. 1 [8]
102At-Takaathur ٱلتَّكَاثُر
The Piling Up, Rivalry in World Increase, Competition, Greed for More and More8 (1/3)Makkah168v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.[8]
103Al-'Asr ٱلْعَصْر
The Time, The Declining Day, The Epoch, The Flight of Time, Success Criteria3 (1/3)Makkah1321v. 1 [8]
104Al-Humazah ٱلْهُمَزَة
The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger, The Slanderer9 (1/3)Makkah326v. 1 [8]
105Al-Feel ٱلْفِيل
The Elephant5 (1/3)Makkah199v. 1 [8]
106Quraish قُرَيْش
The Quraysh4 (1/3)Makkah294v. 1 [8]
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.[12]
107Al-Maa'oon ٱلْمَاعُون
The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Assistance7 (1/3)Makkah177v. 7 [8]
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.[12]
108Al-Kawthar ٱلْكَوْثَر
Abundance, Plenty, Good in Abundance3 (1/3)Makkah155v. 1 [8]
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.[12]
109Al-Kaafiroon ٱلْكَافِرُون
The Disbelievers, The Kuffar, Those Who Deny the Truth6 (1/3)Makkah1845v. 1 [8]
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.[12]
110An-Nasr ٱلنَّصْر
The Help, Divine Support, Victory, Succour3 (1/3)Madinah114111v. 1 [8]
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.[8]
111Al-Masad ٱلْمَسَد
The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre, The Twisted Strands5 (1/3)Makkah63v. 5 [8]
  • Allah cursing Abu Lahab and his wife, who was Muhammad's uncle and at the time of the revelation of this verse, Muhammad's brother in law, due to his hostility towards Islam and Prophet Muhammad.[8]
114An-Naas ٱلنَّاس
Mankind, Men, Mass6 (1/3)Makkah2147Whole Surah [8]
  • Trust in God's protection from temptations.[12]

|- | 113 || Al-Falaq |ٱلْفَلَق
al-Falaq̈ | The Daybreak, Dawn, The Rising Dawn || 5 (1/3) || Makkah || 20 || 46 || || v. 1 [8] ||

  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.[12]

|- | 112 || Al-Ikhlaas |ٱلْإِخْلَاص
al-ʾIkhlāṣ | Purity of Faith, The Fidelity, Tawheed (Oneness of God), The Declaration of [God's] Perfection || 4 (1/3) || Makkah || 22 || 44 || || Whole Surah||

  • The oneness of God.[8]


  1. 'Ta Ha' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O man'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.
  2. 'Ya Sin' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O thou human being'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.


  1. Asad 1980, Introduction to Sura 1.
  2. Asad 1980, Appendix II.
  3. Nasr, Hossein; al-Tayyib, Ahmad Muhammad (2015). "The Quran as Source of Islamic Law". The Study Quran. HarperOne. ISBN 0062227629.
  4. Robinson, Neal (2003). Discovering the Qurʼan: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text (PDF). Georgetown University Press. pp. 25–97. ISBN 1589010248.
  5. Quran Verses in Chronological Order
  6. Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs Archived 2018-01-13 at the Wayback Machine, by Kevin P. Edgecomb (2002).
  7. Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura.
  8. Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura.
  9. Peters, F.E. (1993). A Reader on Classical Islam. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 176–177. ISBN 9781400821181.
  10. Asad 1980, Footnote(s) to the verse(s).
  11. Gwynne, Rosalind Ward (2014). Logic, Rhetoric and Legal Reasoning in the Qur'an: God's Arguments. Routledge Studies in the Qur'an. Routledge, UK. ISBN 1134345003. pp. 1-2.
  12. Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1934). The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary. Introduction to the Sura.


  • The QURAN database Translations, Tafseer, Commentary, Shan-e-Nuzool, related Ahadith, Transliteration - both text and audio
  • - The Noble Quran, one of the most massive compilations of translations of the Qur'an.
  • Quran Explorer, listing different titles (and place of revelation) by different translators of the Quran.
  • Al-Quran, open source multi-language Quran project
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