Muhammad (surah)

Muhammad (Arabic: محمد, muḥammad; "Chapter of Muhammad") is the 47th chapter (surah) of the Quran with 38 verses (ayat).

Sura 47 of the Quran
PositionJuzʼ 26
No. of Rukus4
No. of verses38 [1]
9th century North African folio of ayah 9–15

The title is derived from the direct mentioning of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in 47:2.[2] It also has the name of Al-Qiṫāl (Arabic: القتال), which translates to fighting due to the context of the sura.[3] This sura pertains to a specific conflict that arose from people prohibiting the acceptance and spread of Islam. It refers to the Battle of Badr, where an army was being gathered to attack Medina. The Battle of Badr took place during Ramadan, in year 2 of the Islamic calendar.[3]


  • 1 The works of those who oppose Islam shall come to naught
  • 2-3 True believers shall receive the expiation of their sins
  • 4-5 How enemies of Islam are to be treated in war
  • 6-8 God will reward those who fight for Islam
  • 9-12 God will utterly destroy the unbelievers
  • 13-17 The final condition of believers and infidels contrasted
  • 18-20 Hypocrites reproved and warned
  • 21 Muhammad commanded to ask pardon for his sins
  • 22-33 Cowardly Muslims and hypocrites rebuked and warned
  • 34-36 Those who would dissuade Muslims from their duty warned
  • 37 Muslims exhorted to boldness in warring for their faith
  • 38 Muslims exhorted to liberality in contributing towards the expenses of holy war[4]

See also


  1. Hafs recitation
  2. Quran 47:02 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
  3. Quṭb, Sayyid. "Volume 18". In In the Shade of the Quran. Markfield: Islamic Foundation, 2007, sura 47.
  4. Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
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