Nes og Hidra

Nes og Hitterø or Hitterø og Nes is a former municipality that was located in the old Vest-Agder county in Norway. It was located in the southwestern part of the present-day municipality of Flekkefjord in Agder county. It encompassed the Nes peninsula and the island of Hidra (formerly called Hitterø). The 240-square-kilometre (93 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1893. The administrative centre of the municipality was the small village of Sunde in Nes parish, located just outside the town of Flekkefjord (which was its own separate municipality).

Nes og Hitterø herred
Flekkefjord landdistrikt
View on Hidra
Nes og Hitterø within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°13′28″N 06°34′43″E
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished8 Oct 1893
Administrative centreNes
  Total240 km2 (90 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
  Density16/km2 (41/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1042
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byNes and Hitterø in 1893


The municipality was originally named Flekkefjord landdistrikt because it was the rural area surrounding the town of Flekkefjord. In 1864, the municipal name was changed to Nes og Hitterø. The new name is a combination of the names of the two parishes in the municipality: Nes and Hitterø. Nes is named after the old Nes farm (Old Norse: Næs) where the town of Flekkefjord now stands. The name is identical with the word nes which means "peninsula", since Nes is located on a peninsula.[2] The other name, Hitterø, comes from the name of the island of Hitterø and it surrounding parish. The Old Norse form of that name was Hitr, which is probably derived from a word with the meaning "split" or "cleft" (referring to the fact that the island is almost split in two by the Rasvåg fjord). The name Hitterø was later changed to Hidra due to Norwegian spelling reforms.[3]


The municipality of Flekkefjord landdistrikt was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). According to the 1835 census, the municipality had a population of 3,155.[4] The name was changed to Nes og Hitterø in 1864. On 8 October 1893, Nes og Hitterø was divided to create two new municipalities: Nes (population: 1,704) and Hitterø (population: 2,075). These two municipalities were later merged into the municipality of Flekkefjord during the 1960s.[5]

See also


  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 315.
  3. Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 303.
  4. Registreringssentral for historiske data. "Hjemmehørende folkemengde Vest-Agder 1801-1960" (in Norwegian). University of Tromsø.
  5. Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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