Undal is a former municipality that was located in the old Vest-Agder county in Norway. The 368-square-kilometre (142 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1845. It encompassed parts of the present-day municipalities of Lyngdal and Lindesnes. The municipality encompassed most of the Audnedalen valley which follows the river Audna southwards to the sea.
|Coordinates: 58°17′07″N 07°21′21″E|
|Established||1 Jan 1838|
|Disestablished||1 Jan 1845|
|• Total||368 km2 (142 sq mi)|
|*Area at municipal dissolution.|
|• Density||13/km2 (33/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1027|
|Created as||Formannskapsdistrikt in 1838|
|Succeeded by||Nordre Undal and|
Søndre Undal in 1845
The Old Norse form of the name was Auðnudalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Auðna (now Audna) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from the Old Norse word auðn which means "destruction" (because of flooding). (Around 1900, the name Undal was Norwegianized to Audnedal.)
The parish of Undal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). The municipality was short-lived and it existed only until 1845, when it was divided into the new municipalities of Nordre Undal (population: 802) in the north and Søndre Undal (population: 3,893) in the south. Prior to the split Undal had a population of 4,695.
- Norges land og folk: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian). Kristiania, Norge: H. Aschehoug & Company. 1903. pp. 338 and 355.
- Store norske leksikon. "Undal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 155.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.